Text Imagine any actual conversation between two people. If it’s a real conversation, both participants are speaking and listening, reacting to each other throughout. The same is true of reading and writing. The reader listens (and reacts) while the author directs text towards the reader. If the text is aloud, it’s speaking and listening. If the text is in print, it’s reading and writing. The relationships are the same.
You might start with writing, preparing a text for a reader’s ears. Or you might start with reading, comprehending, and analyzing what the author has prepared for your ears. Either way, the processes are as related as inhaling and exhaling.